Types of Companies

Sole Trader


sole traders are individuals who are self employed, sole traders run their businesses as an individual, this means that they keep all the companies profits when the taxes are paid on them. Sole traders can use workers and don’t have to work alone, but the sole merchandiser is in person chargeable for any losses the business makes.

as a sole trader you must:

  • Send a “self Assessment tax return” every year
  • Pay income tax on the profits you create
  • Pay National Insurance
  • You must additionally register for VAT if you expect your takings to be more than £83,000 a year

Private limited Company by Shares (LTD)

A private company limited by shares, usually known as a private limited company (Ltd.) is a class of personal restricted companyincorporated underneath the laws of England and Wales, Scotland, certain Commonwealth countries and the Republic of ireland. It has shareholders with financial obligation and its shares might not be offered to the final public, unlike those of a public limited company (plc).

“Limited by shares” means that the liability of the shareholders to creditors of the corporate is restricted to the capital originally endowed, i.e. the nominal value of the shares and any premium paid reciprocally for the problem of the shares by the company. A shareholder’s personal assets are thereby protected in the event of the company’s financial condition, but any cash endowed in the company are going to be lost.

Private limited Comapany by Guarantee (LBG)

In British and Irish company law, a private company limited by guarantee (LBG) is another form of corporation used primarily for non-profit organisations that need legal temperament. A company limited by guarantee doesn’t sometimes have a share capital or shareholders, but instead has members who act as guarantors. The guarantors give an endeavor to contribute a nominal quantity (typically terribly small) in the event of the concluding of the corporate. It is often believed that such an organization cannot distribute its profits to its members however (depending on the provisions of the articles) this is often not really true. Converting a limited company to a Community Interest Company (CIC) removes this doubt entirely, as CICs feature an asset lock that prevents the extraction of profits. However, a company limited by guarantee that distributes its profits to members (nor CICs) wouldn’t be eligible for charitable standing.

Public Limited Company (PLC)


A public limited company is a system that you will created to run your business -it has its own responsibility and is reliable for everything it does, its finances are additionally become independent from the homeowners. Any profit it makes is owned by the company, after it pays Corporation Tax. The company can then share its profits.

‘Ordinary’ Business Partnership

An ‘ordinary’ partnership has no legal existence distinct from the partners themselves. If one of the partners resigns, dies or goes bankrupt, the partnership must be dissolved – though the business will still continue.

A partnership is a relatively straightforward and versatile manner for 2 or a lot of individuals to possess and run a business together.

Ordinary partnerships additionally have to be registered with HMRC for tax functions. The nominated partner does this by registering the partnership for Self Assessment.

If the partnership has debts, the partners are collectively liable for any amounts owed then are equally chargeable for paying off the total debt.

Creditors can claim a partner’s personal assets to pay off any debts – even those debts caused by different partners.

If a partner leaves the partnership, the remaining partners may be responsible for the whole debt of the partnership.

Therefore, partners do not enjoy any protection if the business fails.

Limited Partnership

A limited partnership (LP) is a sort of partnership almost like a general partnership, except that where a general partnership should have at least 2 general partners (GPs), a restricted partnership should have a minimum of one gp and at least one limited partner.

The GPs are, in all major respects, in the same legal position as partners in a very conventional firm, i.e., they have internal control, share the right to use partnership property, share the profits of the firm in predefined proportions, and have joint and several liability for the debts of the partnership.As in a general partnership, the GPs have actual authority, as agents of the firm, to bind the partnership in contracts with third parties that are in the standard course of the partnership’s business.

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

A limited liability partnership (LLP) needs a minimum of 2 alternative designated members, they can either be an individual or company and can be referred to as a company member.

Each member pays tax on their shares of profit like an standard business partnership, but aren’t in person liable for any debts the business can’t pay. E.g. One partner cannot be responsible or responsible for another partner’s misconduct.

Unlike limited partnerships, LLP’s only pay debts by however much they invest within the company. Whereas limited partnerships split the debt equally among them.

Unincorporated Association

An unincorporated association is an organisation that arises once 2 or more individuals come back along for a specific purpose aside from to create profit, but decide not to use a proper structure like a company. Most clubs, societies, groups, and some syndicates are unincorporated, as are most voluntary organisations.

You don’t need to register an unincorporated association, and it doesn’t cost anything to set one up. Individual members are in person accountable for any debts and written agreement obligations.

If the association does begin trading and makes a profit, you’ll need to pay Corporation Tax and file an organization official document within the same manner as a limited company

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